ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS CURRICULUM IN MUSLIM COUNTRIES : THE EXPERIENCES OF INDONESIA AND MALAYSIA
by Prof. Dr. Hasan Langgulung
Institute of Education (INSTED), IIUM
Education is one of the most important aspects in human development and perhaps the most influential social institution in any societies. In general, education is to transmit a common set of beliefs, values, norms, understanding from the adult generation to its youths. Islam looks at education as a form of worship (ibadah) where Muslims share a common set of values based on the Quran (the fundamental and most reliable source for many fields of knowledge) and Sunnah. M.Kamal Hassan (1989) describes education from Islamic perspective, as a long life process of preparing an individual to actualize his role as a vicegerent (Khalifah) of Allah on earth and thereby contribute fully to the reconstruction and development of his society in order to achive well-being in this world and hereafter. The writers strongly believe that the function of Islamic schools should endeavor to teach and help students acquire different aspects of knowledge within the parameters of Islam through the use of a well designed curriculum.
This paper is an attempt to investigate the development of curriculum of religious education in Muslim countries with emphasis on South-East Asia especially Indonesia and Malaysia.
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